Immigration to Turkey

IMMIGRATE TO TURKEY

Residency in Turkey

Title Element

Immigration to Turkey

How is life in the Turkey

 

language

Their official language is Turkish, but people also speaks in Kurmanji, Arabic and Zazaki and English is widely spoken there; visitors are often surprised by the relatively high level of English spoken by most Turks.

 

Climate

The climate of Turkey is Mediterranean climate with plenty of sunshine.

At first half of the spring weather is uncertain with rapid shifts between warming and cooling, the average temperature in this season is 15C.

the summers are the most blessed time of the year, and the average temperature is 27-33C.

Through the autumn the weather is great. night air temperature is already noticeably lower tan daytime.The average temperature during autumn is 25C.

The winters coldest season with heavily snows, and average of temperature in winter is 3-5C.

 

Cost of living in Turkey

 

Housing and utilities costs

the cost of monthly rent is about 1,451TL for 1-bedroom apartment in city center. for rent an apartment outside of center cost is 925 TL.

Budget that you need to consider for basic utilities (Water, Electricity, Garbage, Heating, Cooling) is around 406TL per month.

 

Food costs

The average costs that you should pay monthly for foods and groceries is around 300TL, it is also depends on your lifestyle and the city in which you live.

Dinning out in Turkey in average restaurant costs 25 TL per person.

 

Transportation costs

Public transport prices are 200TL per month. For one-way ticket you should pay 3.16TL. For taxi tariffs is start from 5TL and around 3.30TL for 1km.

Type of work permit visas

 

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​1. Initial Application

 

One can file an application to obtain a work permit in Turkey either while located in Turkey or abroad.

In the case of applications filed abroad, foreigners are required to file an application at a consulate of the Republic of Turkey in the country of which they are a citizen or a permanent resident. The application should be accompanied by a labor contract, letter of assignment, or a document stating company partnership. The employer in Turkey is required to fil an online application and submit the required information and documents to the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services, either in person or via mail, within ten business days following the date of the candidate’s application to a consulate. The consulates of the Republic of Turkey and the ministry will execute online the procedures for the work permit applications filed abroad.

 

Foreigners whose applications are approved by the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services must enter Turkey within a maximum of hundred and eighty days after the date the work permit is issued. In the case of applications filed in Turkey, with the exception of residence permits issued for education in Turkey, foreigners who hold residence permits with a remaining term of at least six months, or employers thereof, may file work permit applications. Such foreigners are not required to submit an application to the consulates of the Republic of Turkey. The documents required for the application must be submitted to the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services, either in person or via mail, within a maximum of six business days after the online application.

The Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services concludes the procedures regarding work permit applications in consultation, where necessary, with relevant ministries and authorities. The procedures regarding duly submitted work permit applications are concluded by the ministry within a maximum of thirty days provided all required documents are submitted in full. If the ministry determines that required documents are missing, the applicant is notified to submit the documents in question. In such cases, the thirty-day period commences on the date on which the missing documents are submitted to the ministry. In the case of applications filed abroad, the ministry forwards the affirmative or negative decision regarding the work permit application to the relevant consulate of the Republic of Turkey (via the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), which notifies the applicant. In the case of applications filed in Turkey, the ministry notifies the foreigner or the employer. Foreigners who are granted residence and work permits from consulates and enter the country are required to register to the Address Registry System in Turkey within a maximum of twenty business days following the date of entrance.

 

The methods and principles concerning work permits to be issued to foreigners to be employed in Turkey vary by the relevant sector, such as:

  • Education
  • housekeeping services
  • health services
  • tourism
  • aviation
  • entertainment
  • foreign direct investments
  • special foreign direct investments
  • professional services
  • liaison offices.

The following information covers the methods and principles regarding work permit applications concerning foreign direct investments.​

 

Documents required

  1. a copy of the residence permit issued for other than education purposes with a term of at least six months remaining as of the date of application (The document must be scanned and submitted during the online application).
  2. Copy of the passport (where the passport is not printed in the Latin alphabet, a sworn translation or an official certified translation must be attached. The document must be scanned and submitted during the online application).
  3. Sworn translation or an official certified translation of the diploma or provisional graduation certificate (The document must be scanned and submitted during the online application, as well as submitted in hard-copy).
  4. foreigners who file an application for work permits within the framework of professional services and who hold a degree from abroad must file a “Diploma or Provisional Graduation Equivalency Certificate” obtained in accordance with the “Regulation on the Equivalency of Diplomas from Foreign Higher Education Institutions” (The document must be scanned and submitted during the online application).​

If a foreigner who files a work permit application does not hold a valid residence permit, the foreigner is required to file an application to the consulates of the Republic of Turkey in the country of which he/she is a citizen or a permanent resident, submitting his/her labor contract or a document attesting to company partnership. However, if the company meets at least one of the criteria required for Special Foreign Direct Investments, the work permit application can be filed directly with the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services provided that the foreigner to be employed with key personnel status is currently staying in Turkey on a legitimate basis (by submitting a copy of the passport showing the visa and entrance date, or a letter obtained from the Police Department). Other key personnel who are granted work permits in this context are required to obtain work visas from consulates of the Republic of Turkey and enter the country with that visa.

 

​2. Application for Extension

Applications for extension of the work permit must be filed by the foreigner or the employer directly with the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services, by submitting the original copy of the previous work permit, along with the application form and the documents specified in the appendix of the implementation regulation.

 

The work permit and term extension applications must be first submitted online. In order for the work permit or term extension applications filed online and pre-approved by the system to be valid, the application form print-out with barcode, generated online, must be signed by the foreigner and the employer, and submitted, along with the other documents specified in the appendix to the regulation, to the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services within a maximum of six business days following the pre-approval of the online application, either in person or via mail.

 

Term extension applications should be filed at most two months in advance of the expiration date of the permit. Extension applications filed within a maximum of fifteen days following the expiration of the work permit will also be processed.

 

The term extension applications filed thereafter are subject to the principles applicable to foreigners who file an application for the first time. In the case of work permit term extension applications filed with a valid residence permit (as with first-time applications filed while in Turkey), the required documents must be submitted to the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services within six business days following the online application.

 

Term extensions for a period of two years may be filed for an existing work permit following the statutory one-year work permit term provided they are for employment with the same entity or enterprise and for the same profession. At the end of the statutory three-year work permit term, the existing work permit may be extended for a further three years, for employment with any employer, for the same profession. Foreigners who have resided in Turkey for at least eight uninterrupted years on a legal basis, or foreigners who have a total of eight years of employment with a work permit, may file applications for indefinite work permits.

Required for extension applications

​​​

The “Regulation on the Employment of Foreign Nationals Within the Framework of Foreign Direct Investments” introduced special provisions regarding work permits in order to facilitate work permits. Work permit applications required for personnel to be employed within the framework of foreign direct investments to which these provisions are not applicable are subject to the above mentioned general provisions.

 

The scope of the Regulation on the Employment of Foreign Nationals Within the Framework of Foreign Direct Investments is defined on the basis of two fundamental criteria:

 

  1. Special Foreign Direct Investments (including liaison offices)
  2. Foreign national key personnel

The term “Special Foreign Direct Investment” refers to a company or branch subject to Foreign Direct Investments

  • Provided that the foreign shareholders hold at least TRY 1.888.190 of the capital, the company or branch registered a turnover of at least TRY 141.9 million in the most recent year.
  • Provided that the foreign shareholders hold at least TRY 1.888.190 of the capital, the company or branch posted an export figure of at least USD 1 million in the most recent year.
  • Provided that the foreign shareholders hold at least TRY 1.888.190 of the capital, the company or branch employs in the most recent year, at least 250 personnel registered before the Social Security Institution.
  • Provided that, in cases where the company or the branch is to make investments, the planned minimum investment figure is at least TRY 47.1 million.
  • Provided that the company has a foreign direct investment in at least one more country other than the country where its headquarters is located.

“Key personnel” refers to personnel who meet at least one of the following criteria, at the legal entity located in Turkey:

 

A. Persons serving as a company shareholder, chairman of the board of directors, member of the board of directors, chief executive, vice president, executive, assistant executive or similar positions, with authority or a role in at least one of the following:

  • A senior management or executive position in the company
  • Managing the whole or a part of the company
  • Auditing or controlling the work of the company auditors, or administrative or technical personnel
  • Hiring new personnel or terminating the employment of existing personnel, or making proposals concerning these issue

B. Holding key knowledge regarding the services, research devices, techniques, or management of the company

C. At liaison offices, a maximum of one person in whose name the authorization certificate is issued by the overseas parent company

 

Charges Applicable to Work Permits for Foreigners: According to the Act of Fees no. 492, work permits to be issued to foreigners are subject to charges. In cases where the work permit application is approved by the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services, the applicable charge must be deposited with reference to the term of the permit.

 

ACQUIRING PROPERTY AND CITIZENSHIP

 

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​What Foreigners Looking to Acquire Real Estate in Turkey Need to Know

In Turkey, acquisition of property ownership titles may only be approved upon registration at the land registry directorates. ​

Preliminary real estate contracts, issued by notaries or entered into by natural persons in writing, do not confer transfer of property per se. They only serve as a commitment for the transfer of ownership; the property in question does not change hands by means of such instruments.

Burdens such as mortgages, liens, and similar types of restrictions that may exist with regard to the said property that would prevent the sale thereof should be checked prior to the initiation of procedures at the respective land registry directorate.

 

Do not need to have a residence permit as a pre-condition to acquire real estate in Turkey. In addition, foreigners who acquire property in Turkey are granted renewable short-term residence permits.

Turkish companies with foreign capital, on the other hand, should first file an application at the Provincial Directorate of Planning and Coordination (PDPC) at the local governor’s office where the real estate is located. Once granted a positive response from PDPC, they should then apply to the Land Registry Directorate. These companies may apply in person, via post, or e-mail.

​​​

General Information

In Turkey, the term “foreigner” is defined under three categories with respect to the acquisition of real estate:

  • Foreign natural persons
  • Foreign legal persons
  • Turkish companies with foreign capital

 

Land Registry sets out provisions on the acquisition of real estate by foreign natural and legal persons.

Countries whose nationals are eligible to acquire real estate in Turkey are determined by the Cabinet of Ministers, who may also stipulate special conditions for acquisitions if deemed necessary.

  • Legal Restrictions on Acquisition of Real Estate by Foreign Natural Persons
  • Acquisition of Real Estate and Limited Rights in Rem by Legal Persons
  • Inheritance
  • Right to Acquire Turkish Citizenship through Real Estate Purchase
  • Requirements for Land Registry Procedures
  • Power of Attorneys Issued Abroad

​​​

Exceptional Acquisition of Citizenship

  • ​Those who obtain a residence permit, by investing within the scope and amount determined by the President
  • Foreigners holding the Turquoise Card
  • may acquire Turkish citizenship based on the resolution of the President of the Republic of Turkey.

Scope and amounts determined as per the new regulations published in the Official Gazette on September 18, 2018 are defined below. Foreigners who meet any of the following criteria may be eligible for Turkish citizenship, subject to the decision of the President of the Republic of Turkey:

  • Made a minimum fixed capital investment of $500,000 or equivalent foreign currency or Turkish lira, as attested by the Ministry of Industry and Technology
  • Acquired a property worth a minimum of $ 250,000 or equivalent foreign currency or Turkish lira with a title deed restriction on its resale for at least three years, as attested by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization
  • Created jobs for at least 50 people, as attested by the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services
  • Deposited at least $ 500,000 or equivalent foreign currency or Turkish lira in banks operating in Turkey with the condition not to withdraw the same for at least three years, as attested by the Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency
  • Bought at least $ 500,000 or equivalent foreign currency or Turkish lira worth of government bonds with the condition that they cannot be sold for at least three years, as attested by the Ministry of Treasury and Finance
  • Bought at least $ 500,000 or equivalent foreign currency or Turkish lira worth of real estate investment fund share or venture capital investment fund share with the condition that they cannot be sold for at least three years, as attested by the Capital Markets Board of Turkey

F.A.Q.

How long does the company registration in France take?

There isn’t a standard timeframe for the registration process of a company.

Is it hard to open a company in France as a foreigner?

There are no specific requirements related to the nationality or residency of company directors in France.

Can I open a bank account remotely for my company in France?

The bank opening process in France requires the presence of a company representative, so your presence will be required.

Can I benefit from France’s double tax agreements in order to reduce my taxes?

You can benefit from these agreements as long as France has signed such a treaty with your home country; however, France offers many tax deductions and exemptions to foreign investors.

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